Article V Conventions

by the people of the several states

Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787-1788

Published on Apr 22, 2013

Pauline Maier is the William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of American History at M.I.T. She received her Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1968. She is the author of several books and textbooks on American history, including From Resistance to Revolution.




Resolutions of the Convention Recommending the Procedures for

Ratification and for the Establishment of Government under the

Constitution by the Confederation Congress, 17 September 1787


In Convention Monday September 17th 1787.

Present The States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Mr. Hamilton from

New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina,

South Carolina and Georgia.


RESOLVED, That the preceding Constitution be laid before the United States in Congress

assembled, and that it is the Opinion of this Convention, that it should afterwards be

submitted to a Convention of Delegates, chosen in each State by the People thereof, under

the Recommendation of its Legislature, for their Assent and Ratification; and that each

Convention assenting to, and ratifying the Same, should give Notice thereof to the United

States in Congress assembled.

RESOLVED, That it is the Opinion of this Convention, that as soon as the Conventions of

nine States shall have ratified this Constitution, the United States in Congress assembled

should fix a Day on which Electors should be appointed by the States which shall have ratified

the same, and a Day on which the Electors should assemble to vote for the President, and

the Time and Place for commencing Proceedings under this Constitution. That after such

Publication the Electors should be appointed, and the Senators and Representatives elected:

That the Electors should meet on the Day fixed for the Election of the President, and should

transmit their Votes certified, signed, sealed and directed, as the Constitution requires, to

the Secretary of the United States in Congress assembled, that the Senators and

Representatives should convene at the Time and Place assigned; that the Senators should

appoint a President of the Senate, for the sole Purpose of receiving, opening and counting the

Votes for President; and, that after he shall be chosen, the Congress, together with the

President, should, without Delay, proceed to execute this Constitution.

By the Unanimous Order of the Convention

W. Jackson Secretary.

Go: Washington Presidt.




Engrossed MS (LT), RG 11, DNA.

Cite as: The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution Digital Edition, ed. John P. Kaminski, Gaspare J. Saladino, Richard Leffler, Charles H. Schoenleber and Margaret A. Hogan. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2009.

Canonic URL: [accessed 07 Sep 2013]

Original source: Constitutional Documents and Records, 1776–1787, Volume I: Constitutional Documents and Records, 1776–1787




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